India is considered as one of the major players in the global cashew export market, while it is also known for its range of export products
, including gems and jewellery
, engineering goods, spices, home décor and agricultural products. The government of India has taken measures to promote exports from the country, including the introduction of various export promotion schemes
and Special Economic Zones (SEZs). These measures have created a conducive environment for exports. From the US
, the UAE
, and Japan
, India exports cashew nuts to countries across the world.
Cashew production in India
Cashew export from India has a long tradition of processing and exporting cashew kernels. The country’s cashew production is mostly concentrated in the coastal states of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra. Between 2019-20 and 2021-22, India's cashew nut production grew from 0.70 million tonnes (MT) to 0.77 million tonnes (MT). The cashew industry has large economic significance as it employs more than 10 lakh people on farms and factories in rural areas1. The government has been taking several initiatives to support the cashew industry, including financial assistance for cashew cultivation and processing, promotion of cashew cultivation in non-traditional areas, and establishing a cashew development fund to support cashew farmers.
Types of cashew nut products exported from India
Some of the popular types of cashew nuts exported from India include:
• Whole cashew nuts
• Cashew kernels
• Flavored cashew nuts
• Roasted cashew nuts
• Cashew nut butter
• Cashew nut oil
• Cashew nut milk
What are the top countries for cashew nut export from India?
The top cashew export destinations for cashew nuts from India are the US, Canada, Europe, and the Middle East. The UAE is the largest importer of cashew nuts from India, followed by Japan and the Netherlands1.
Latest trends in cashew nut export from India
Diversification of export destinations:
While the US and Europe remain the top export destinations for Indian cashew nuts, the industry has been expanding to new markets such as Japan, and the Middle East
. This diversification of export destinations has helped reduce dependence on traditional markets and opened up new opportunities for Indian exporters.
Value addition and branding:
Indian exporters have focused on value addition and branding to differentiate their products in the global market. This includes offering roasted and flavored cashew nuts and packaging them in attractive and innovative ways.
Organic and sustainable farming:
With increasing customer awareness on sustainability, MSMEs involved in cashew nut export in India are also opting for organic methods to export sustainably produced cashew nuts.
Adoption of technology:
The process of cashew export from India has evolved, thanks to modern technology that helps improve quality and productivity of cashew nut processing. This includes use of automated sorting and grading machines, which reduces labor costs and improves the accuracy of grading.
The Indian government has launched various support schemes and incentives to promote cashew nut exports from the country including Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS), and Trade Infrastructure for Export Scheme (TIES).
Export promotion councils that promote cashew nut export from India
In India, there are many Export Promotion Councils (EPCs)
that work towards promoting cashew export from India. Some of these EPCs are:
Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI)
, established in 1995, supports the cashew market with the same objective. To conduct business in global markets, the organization establishes a fundamental structure for exporters to adhere to. It supports export practices, aids in formulation of export laws and regulations and helps merchants.
Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA):
The objective of APEDA is to promote the export of scheduled products and strategize the necessary functions under the government regulation. The export council devises strategies to promote exports of agricultural products and strengthen the export ecosystem by offering financial and strategic assistance in conducting feasibility studies and surveys.
Federation of Indian Export Organizations (FIEO):
Set up by the Ministry of Commerce, Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO
) is a dedicated body to supervise and promote exports in the country. With the primary purpose of helping exporters take their businesses global, FIEO actively works towards addressing issues and challenges exporters face with different processes and agencies and finding the right solution for them.
Export incentives for cashew nut export
The Government of India provides many export incentives to promote the export of various products, including cashew nuts. Some of these incentives are:
Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS):
The MEIS provides a cash incentive to exporters based on a percentage of the value of their exports. The incentive rate varies depending on the product and the export destination.
Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) scheme:
The EPCG scheme
allows exporters to import capital goods for pre-production, production, or post-production. This scheme is beneficial for exporters who need to upgrade their production facilities to improve their export competitiveness.
Duty-Free Import Authorization (DFIA) scheme:
The DFIA scheme allows exporters to import inputs such as raw materials, components, and intermediate goods at zero duty.
Interest Equalization Scheme (IES):
The IES provides an interest subsidy to exporters on pre- and post-shipment credit for various products, including cashew nuts.
Documents required to export cashew nut from India
Some of the key documents required to export cashew nuts from India are:
Export declaration document contains information about the exporter, importer, goods being exported, and other details such as value of goods and port of shipment.
Bill of Lading
Bill of Lading
, issued by a shipping company or carrier, acts as the ‘Evidence of Contract’ between the shipper and the carrier, as a proof that there is an agreement between the parties.
Along with these, some additional documents are also required such as:
· Registration-cum-Membership Certificate (RCMC)
issued by the Cashew Export Promotion Council of India
· Self-attested copy of the Importer Exporter Code (IEC)
· A copy of the partnership deed or Memorandum of Association
· Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI)
· Factory license or Small Scale Industries (SSI) registration certificate
· Exporter’s address proof
Amazon Global Selling: Your passport to export cashew nuts from India
With increasing adaption to e-commerce exports, Indian exporters have more opportunities to expand their local businesses and take their products from India to the world and sell on international marketplaces
. Whether you are a multi-city store, local seller, upcoming startup or a seasoned exporter, irrespective of your business size, you can export from India and establish your business on the world map with Amazon Global Selling.
Register your business
First, you must register
your coffee export business with Amazon Global Selling. You don’t have to be an existing Amazon India seller. The registration can be done online on Seller Central.
• ID proof (Aadhar, driving license or passport)
• Business address proof (Bank statement)
• Credit card (international transaction enabled)
List your products
Once you have successfully registered to sell globally on Amazon, you can list your coffee products
. Remember to follow tips on how to list your products
include attractive pictures and descriptions that’s clear to international customers. You can also seek help from third-party service providers
Ship and receive payments
Once a customer places an order, you can choose to deliver by yourself or you can opt for Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA)
. Under FBA, Amazon takes care of shipping, delivery, returns and customer concerns. Once a customer purchases your product, Amazon credits the money in your bank account in the currency of your choice. To support you for hassle-free logistics, Amazon has also launched SEND, enabling you to ship directly to international fulfillment centers at competitive prices. All you have to do is book, pay and track shipments without any hassles from India to the world.
Published on April 29, 2023.