The export industry is one of the major pillars of the Indian economy, contributing significantly to its growth. According to a Ministry of Trade and Commerce report, India’s overall exports stood at $61 billion as of September 20221. To further accelerate exports, the Government of India takes active measures to support Indian exporters by offering various export incentives and duty exemptions that enable easy trade. The Advance Authorisation Scheme (AA) is one such duty exemption scheme offered by the government.
What is the Advance Authorisation Scheme?
The Government of India provides duty exemption for exporters under the Advance Authorisation Scheme (AA). Issued by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT)
, it encourages importing essential raw materials and additives that are incorporated physically into goods intended for exports. Raw materials like fuel, oil, electricity or catalysts may be used in the manufacturing of exported goods, which can be imported duty-free through the Advance Authorisation Scheme (AA). The program also provides a standard allowance for the losses faced by exporters on these materials2
What are the methods to issue an Advance License?
There are four ways through which exporters can apply for an Advance Authorisation license:
SION (Standard Input and Output Norms)
Also known as IO (Input Output) norms, this method is applicable for products that fall into various categories like chemical, electronics, engineering, food products, handicrafts, leather, plastic, sports and textile. It defines the amount of inputs required to produce output for export purpose3.
If the required export product is not present in the SION, an application needs to be made to the Regional Authority (RA) who will issue the Advance Authorization after a review4.
In this method, Advance Authorisation Scheme is applicable to exporters who have obtained Authorized Economic Operator (AEO)
Applicant specific prior-fixation of norms
You must first contact the Norms Committee to amend the norms through this procedure. DGFT will only grant a license based on predetermined standards.
Eligibility for Advance Authorization Scheme
Either a manufacturer exporter or merchant exporter, affiliated with the supporting manager, can avail of the benefits of AA. The license is also available for the following5:
• Intermediate supply
• Physical exports
• Supplies made in particular deemed exports categories
• Stores supply onboarded on foreign-going aircraft or vessels in accordance with the Standard Input Output Norms (SION) related to the items.
Documents required to register under the Advance Authorisation Scheme
Following documents are required to apply for the AA license on the DGFT website:
1. Valid copy of SSI/IEM/MSME/copy of GST certificate
2. Copy of Import Export Code (IEC)
and Registration Cum-Membership Certificate (RCMC)
3. Application form ANF 4A
4. MSME/SSI/Manufacturing proof
5. Copy of Export House Certificate
Process to obtain an Advance License
Below is the process to obtain Advance License online:
1. Visit the official website of DGFT.
2. Use your DSC to log in & Select Services in the Online Ecom Application option.
3. Select Advance Authorisation (DES).
4. Input all the information and upload the necessary documents.
5. Submit the application after filling in all the details.
6. After a successful application, DGFT will issue the Advance License.
Benefits of the Advance Authorisation Scheme
When importing goods from another country, importers must pay import duty. When exporting products from India, exporters must declare their income and pay taxes on the export amount. If raw materials required for manufacturing are imported, businesses end up paying duties at both ends. The Advance Authorisation scheme benefits in this regard. Below is the list of duties exempted under the AA scheme6:
1. Basic Customs Duty
2. Anti-Dumping Duty
3. Countervailing Duty
4. Education Cess
5. Safeguard Duty
6. Integrated Tax and Compensation Cess
7. Additional Custom Duty
8. Duty Drawback
When is Advance Authorization Scheme issued?
AA can be issued based on:
Inputs based on SION
DGFT has predefined norms and quantities for inputs or imported items required for manufacturing export products. Exporters can apply for AA license to get duty exemption on these goods.
If the SION norms do not include the list of inputs or if quantities are less than what an exporter requires for manufacturing, then the exporter can apply for AA license through self-declaration, along with the input number needed.
Advance Authorisation is a beneficial scheme for exporters. The Government of India and worldwide organizations have introduced many export incentive schemes and processes to make international trade simpler for exporters. With e-commerce exports gaining awareness and popularity, Indian exporters are now able to sell internationally and expand their businesses without setting up physical stores or warehouses abroad.
Amazon Global Selling: Your passport to easy exports
As an e-commerce exports program, Amazon Global Selling
enables Indian sellers and MSMEs to take their products from India to international marketplaces across 200+ countries and territories. From simple registration to attractive listing and hassle-free shipping, Amazon Global Selling offers international tools and solutions, enabling sellers to reach over 300 million customers.
Published on September 29, 2022.
3. What is Advance Authorisation Scheme? (dripcapital.com)
4. FTP Chapter 4 as on June 30 2019.pdf (dgft.gov.in)
8. 04-CUSTOM ENGLISH 2021 REPORT NO-10 Chapter-I-061c1b619d88393.78740693.pdf (cag.gov.in)
9. ChecklistDES.pdf (dgftcom.nic.in)
10. FTP Chapter 4 as on June 30 2019.pdf (dgft.gov.in)
11. DGFT Exempts IGST And Compensation Cess Under Advance Authorisation, EPCG And EOU Scheme (livelaw.in)