The Harappans are said to have exported cotton, gemstones such as lapis lazuli and turquoise, gold, silver, terracotta figurines, and pottery through maritime routes charted across the Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf; they imported raw materials — minerals from Iran and Afghanistan, jade from China, lead and copper from other parts of India — to be fashioned into jewellery, pottery, metal items, and more2
Innovation, entrepreneurship, manufacturing, trade
, and commerce are embedded in the socio-economic fabric of India. In ancient India, trade consolidated a nation with diverse cultures and helped define its unified identity globally. It is a legacy that has helped us attain our current status in the world economy and global trade as the world’s fifth-largest economy3
with the fastest growth rate among G-20 countries.
Today, India’s exports is not just defined by its heritage, it is also helping showcase the country’s entrepreneurial prowess, and innovation to the world. With the emergence of e-commerce exports, this phenomenon is now playing out right down to the district level. On one hand, e-commerce exports is promoting innovation in new products such as toys and beauty and wellness products rooted in Ayurveda, while on the other, it is catalyzing a resurgence of our traditional small industries, arts, and handicrafts by making GI-tagged and artisanal products available to international customers in countries across the world. In doing this, cross-border e-commerce is enabling our cultural economy to thrive.