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Rubber Board of India: Promoting the export of rubber globally

The Rubber Board of India supports the rubber industry by promoting scientific research and providing training to increase the production and export of rubber from India.
Rubber Board of India
Exporting products across the world has become easy and simple today. Export has increasingly become a key factor in strengthening the economy of any country – including India. The Government of India has also taken steps to promote exports across various sectors and product categories. For different products exported from India, there are a few dedicated Export Promotion Councils set up to support respective exporters and promote trade in the country.

Similarly, the Rubber Board of India, a statutory body, was formed under the Rubber Act 1947 by the Government of India to accelerate the development of India’s rubber industry. The Rubber (Production and Marketing) Act was passed in April 19471.

What was the Rubber Act 1947?

The Rubber Act of 1947 was passed the aim of developing the rubber industry in the country, under the Union of the Rubber Industry. The act extends to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir2. Right after the commencement of this act, the Government of India formed the Rubber Board as the corporate body that has powers to make decisions in favour of the growth of the industry.

What are the objectives and functions of the Rubber Board of India?

Some of the functions of the Rubber Board of India are:

• Responsible for handling the development measures for the rubber industry.
• Undertakes, assists and encourages logical and scientific research to advance the production process.
• Provide timely training to students and enthusiasts on improved methods of planting, cultivation, manuring and spraying.
• Provide technical assistance and guidance to the rubber growers.
• Improve the market for rubber from India.
• Collect useful statistics from the owners of estates, dealers and manufacturers.
• Provide incentives and improve amenities to the workers in the rubber industry, along with ensuring better working conditions.
• Ensure that the regulations and quality standards set by the board are followed.
• Advice and inform the government on all matters related to the growth and advancement of the rubber industry.
• Encourage participation on international conferences or events related to rubber.
• Submit reports to the government mentioning updates on the activities of the board.

What are the types of rubber under the Rubber Board?

Some of the types of rubber that fall under the Rubber Board of India are3:

Natural rubber

This type of rubber is sourced from the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis that grows in various climate and soil conditions along with an annual rainfall record of approximately 200 cm. The latex collected from this tree is up to 40% natural rubber, which undergoes further processing. This type of rubber usually caters to the automobile industry in manufacturing heavy-duty tyres. It is also used to manufacture bicycle tyres, foam mattresses, footwear, balloons and toys.

Synthetic rubber

Made in chemical plants, synthetic rubber is a manmade alternative to natural rubber. Depending on the requirements of the end user, different quantities and types of monomers are used to create commercial synthetic rubber. It is a low-cost alternative material to natural rubber that finds its application in the production of tyres, casting moulds, carpet backing, sealing strips and in the making of thin gloves.

Reclaimed rubber

The vulcanized rubber tyres, tubes and other rubber waste articles are treated under heat and chemicals to create reclaimed rubber. This type of rubber also finds its application in making inner tubes, tyre lining, tyre repair, retreading, general moulding, belting, adhesives, mastics, footwear, sheeting, matting, belting, cable bedding compound and sound reduction.

What are the types of Rubber Board licenses?

There are three licenses issued by the Rubber Board: dealer’s license, processor’s license and manufacturer's license. These can be applied online on the official website.

Dealer’s license:

Any person who deals in purchasing or selling rubber must apply for this license in form B. The application must have documentary evidence of the right of possession of the business premises attached. The payment for the application can be filled online by transfer or demand draft. If the board verifies the application, then the license is issued for a period of three years.

Processor’s license:

If you wish to acquire rubber for processing or want to sell processed rubber, then you must apply for this license in form B1. Some of the documents required for filing this application are:

1. Self-attested copy of the address proof
2. Documentary evidence to prove the right of possession of the factory premises.
3. Valid consent from the Pollution Control Board
4. Valid license from the Panchayat/Municipality
5. A project report of the plant process.

The application must be submitted with all the above-mentioned documents along with the application fee. The board verifies the application and issues a license in the form C1.

Manufacturer’s license:

If you want to start your business by manufacturing any rubber-related product, you must apply for the manufacturer’s license in form E. This license is also valid for three years and can be renewed before the expiry. The documents required to apply for this license are similar to the ones mentioned above.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the Rubber Board of India situated?
The Rubber Board of India is headquartered in Kottayam, Kerala.
How many rubber institutes are there in India?
In India, there are nine research institutes, seven regional and two heaven breeding sub-stations, along with one Central Experimentation Station next to RRII.
Who is the chairman of the Rubber Board?
Dr Sawar Dhanania is presently the chairman of the Rubber Board.
Published on August 29, 2022.

Sources:
1. http://rubberboard.org.in/public
2. http://rubberboard.org.in/filereader
3. http://www.rbegp.in/#
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubber_Board#:~:text=Rubber%20Research%20Institute%20of%20India,-The%20Rubber%20Research&text=There%20are%20nine%20research%20disciplines,Station%20attached%20to%20the%20RRII.
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*Map not to scale. The map has been used for design and representational purpose only, it does not depict the geographical boundaries of the country. These do not conform to the external boundaries of India recognized by the Survey of India.

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