What is Certificate of Origin (COO) for export?

Certificate of Origin (COO) is an important document in export trade that certifies that the products being exported have been manufactured and processed in that particular country. Here's a guide on COO document, process to obtain it and and its types.
what is a certificate of origin
In the process of exporting from India, sellers need to obtain various documents for seamless trade of goods across countries. A Certificate of Origin (COO) is one such important document, which certifies that the products being exported have been manufactured and processed in that particular country.

Types of Certificates of Origin

Preferential COO

This type of COO specifies that the products are subject to exemptions or reduced tariffs when it is exported to a country that extends these privileges. This COO is closely associated with the regional trade agreements.

Non-preferential COO

This type of COO is issued for the purpose of complying with non-preferential rules of origin. It specifies the country of origin of the product without giving the exporter the right to receive preferential tariff under preferential trade regimes1.

Documents required to obtain Certificate of Origin

• Cover letter addressed to the Director General of Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
• Filled Certificate of Origin form
• Shipping Invoice, Packing List, and Letter of Credit stamped and signed by the applicant
• PAN and IEC issued to the exporter
• Relevant clearance certificate from the customs department stating that all necessary taxes and duties have been paid2

Procedure to obtain Certificate of Origin

The Certificate of Origin can be obtained from the office of the Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC). Along with the above-mentioned documents, the stamp paper, duly filled Certificate of Origin form and cover letter need to be submitted in the name of the company or establishment.

To provide a seamless experience for exporters, DGFT also provides COO on its website. After registering on the COO portal of DGFT, you can follow the steps below to apply for the certificate3:

1. Click on Online Exporter Register & Login option under online services.
2. Log in using your username (IEC).
3. Click on Apply for Certificate of Origin under the main menu.
4. Click on Online Application for Certificate or Origin CoO/Scheme icon on the dashboard.
5. Fill the required details like invoice number, product details and trade agreement. Click on Save and add more button.
6. Enter product description.
7. Click on ‘Please check and confirm that you have added export products details for this certificate.’
8. Upload necessary documents that have been signed digitally.
9. Fill the required information in Declaration summary and confirm.
10. Check all the details, save and submit.
11. Once submitted, you will be required to make a payment. Post payment, click on List of Submitted Applications in the main menu for a list of all the applications successfully paid for and submitted.

The document exists in traditional and digital format and is approved by the customs authority or the Indian Chambers of Commerce. Once you have obtained the necessary documents required to ship your products, you can register and export via e-commerce.

Role of Amazon Global selling in enabling e-commerce exports

Amazon Global Selling is an e-commerce exports program that helps exporters take their products from India to the world by listing on international marketplaces. With access to millions of customers shopping on Amazon international marketplaces across 200+ countries and territories, The program also provides latest tools and programs that simplify the process of obtaining export documents, shipping and delivering products to the customer in the USA, UK, UAE and Australia, among others. With FBA (Fulfillment by Amazon), all that sellers or exporters are required to do is ship their products to Amazon warehouses. Amazon packs and delivers the order to the customer.
export with Amazon

Frequently Asked Questions

Who issues a certificate of origin?
A Certificate of Origin is issued by the Indian Chamber of Commerce, along with the Trade Council of India.
How long is a Certificate of Origin valid for?
From the date of issuance, COO is valid for 12 months.
When is a Certificate of Origin required?
COO is required to get clearance from the Customs Department before exporting goods from India. If this certificate is not obtained, the authorized officer will not permit the goods to leave the warehouse.
Published on May 16, 2022.


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*Map not to scale. The map has been used for design and representational purpose only, it does not depict the geographical boundaries of the country. These do not conform to the external boundaries of India recognized by the Survey of India.

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