An AWB has the following steps involved in applying and issuing:
• The carrier of the air shipment
issues an Air Waybill upon receiving goods that have cleared the customs formalities.
• The shipper receives it and sends it through their bank to the consignee, if the transaction is under a Letter of Credit.
• When goods reach their destination, the consignee (agent) receives the shipment and collects a copy of the Air Waybill.
Issuing an AWB was paper-intensive and required manual efforts, which made way for an e-Air Waybill (e-AWB) in 2010 by IATA. From January 1st
2019, the electronic Air Waybill (e-AWB) has become the default contract of carriage for air cargo shipments.